Personal identity verification standard
FIPS 201 stands for the Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 201. FIPS 201 specifies personal identity verification requirements for federal employees and contractors. Fulfilling the standard may mean including contact and contactless SmartCard readers, fast fingerprint identification, 1D and 2D barcode reading, as well as local and remote database lookup and verification.
To view the FIPS PUB 201-1 document in PDF form, click here.
The FIPS 201 Evaluation Program page contains links to all sorts of documentation as well as testing procedures.
For a website that is entirely dedicated to FIPS 201 approved products, check fips201.com.